Advisory Council on Food and Environmental Hygiene

Progress Report on the Clean Hong Kong Programme


This paper informs Members of the progress of implementation of the Clean Hong Kong (CHK) Programme.


2. The Administration launched a three-year CHK Programme in December 2000 to address the environmental hygiene conditions of the territory and to bring about comprehensive and visible improvements on the ground. The key elements of the Programme are:

  1. Enhanced Government cleanup operations;
  2. Publicity and public education;
  3. Community and district involvement; and
  4. Stepped-up enforcement action.


(a) Enhanced Government Cleanup Operations

3. In support of CHK, various government departments have been implementing a series of enhanced cleansing services to bring about visible improvement to our environmental hygiene and cityscape. For example, the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD) being the lead department for the CHK programme has made the following major achievements.

  • Since April 2001, FEHD has cleared wastes in 1,300 "grey areas" (i.e. areas where no government department was responsible for cleansing in the past). These areas include unallocated government land, ungazetted beaches and coastal areas, slopes and soft landscape areas along public roads, nullahs, channels and rivers, etc.

  • Since 2001, evening street cleansing services have been provided to over 1,200 locations, and over 200 hygiene blackspots such as backlanes and canopies of older tenement buildings have been cleaned up.

  • Since December 2001, static street cleaners have been mounted in over 460 public spots to provide instantaneous litter removal and cleansing.

  • Since March 2001, thorough washing of footbridges and subways and intensive street washing and gum removal have been conducted in all districts.

  • Over 1 million illegal items in public places were removed in a blitz operation from July to October 2001. Such removal actions have been extended to illegal bill posting blackspots in private premises since November 2001.

  • Full-time attendants have been provided at 256 public toilets (i.e. 86% of the 298 FEHD-run toilets) with daily usage over 200 to strengthen the cleansing services. The remaining less popular public toilets have been provided with cleansing services 2 to 5 times every day.

4. Apart from FEHD, other government departments have also implemented a wide range of action-oriented measures to improve the cleanliness of our cityscape. Their major contributions are highlighted at Annex. For effective inter-departmental coordination, FEHD is leading an operations group to oversee various departments' efforts and actions. A seasonal thematic approach has been being adopted for inter-departmental clean-up operations (i.e. marine/coastal areas and beaches in summer, country parks and recreation areas in autumn as well as public housing estates and public places/facilities in winter and spring).

(b) Publicity and Public Education

5. The Government has placed emphasis on public education and publicity as a means to raise public awareness of the need to keep a clean environment. On the educational front, FEHD and the Education Department have incorporated CHK messages in primary and secondary school curriculum and organized a wide range of CHK extra-curricular activities. On the publicity front, CHK messages are disseminated to the public through a broad range of vehicles such as television and radio announcements of public interests, poster and banners, pamphlets, media interviews, roving exhibitions and large-scale publicity functions.

(c) District and Community Involvement

6. 18 District CHK Committees, each chaired by the respective District Council Vice-chairmen, have been set up by the Home Affairs Department (HAD) to oversee district educational/publicity events and cleansing activities. Over 160 such activities were held in 2001. HAD has also appointed some 1,200 volunteers as CHK ambassadors to help disseminate the CHK message.

7. In addition, FEHD operates a funding scheme to sponsor residents' and other local organizations for implementing CHK projects. In 2001, 87 such projects involving over 20,000 participants were successfully completed. FEHD will continue to support and sponsor these activities and projects in the coming year.

(d) Stepped-up Enforcement Action

8. The Fixed Penalty (Public Cleanliness Offences) Ordinance, Cap. 570 ("the Ordinance"), which provides for a fixed penalty of HK$600 for committing common public cleanliness offences, was brought into operation on 27 May 2002. Following a two-week grace period, the seven enforcement departments started enforcing the Ordinance on 10 June 2002. As at 28 September 2002, the Administration has already issued a total of 4,934 fixed penalty notices. According to our enforcement experience, littering is the most common type of offences (85%), followed by spitting (10%) and unauthorized display of bills and posters (5%). Overall, the Ordinance has been smoothly implemented, and proved useful in improving the cleanliness of Hong Kong.


9. To track public perception of the cleanliness of Hong Kong and the effect of implementing the fixed penalty system, FEHD has been conducting a CHK longitudinal survey. The first telephone interview was completed in April/May with 3 000 persons interviewed. Respondents were asked on the cleanliness of the districts where they live and work, their attitude towards keeping the environment clean and their views on the fixed penalty system. The response was encouraging with some 80% respondents recognizing that keeping Hong Kong clean is a joint responsibility of the government and the public. There will be a follow-up survey to gauge the opinion of these interviewees on, inter alia, whether the cleanliness of Hong Kong has improved since implementation of the fixed penalty system and recent CHK efforts.

10. Separately, FEHD will report progress of the CHK Programme to District Councils and District CHK Committees and consult them on further actions that may need to be taken.

Food and Environmental Hygiene Department
October 2002


Major CHK measures taken by Departments other than FEHD

Department CHK Measures
Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD)
  • launched campaigns to keep country parks and marine parks clean
  • improved toilet facilities in country parks
  • promoted proper disposal of maricultural materials
  • tackled stray dog problem
Architectural Services Department (ArchSD)
  • implemented work projects to refurbish public facilities such as public toilets and public transport interchanges
Buildings Department (BD)
  • removed unauthorized building works in target backlanes and abandoned advertisement signboards
Civil Engineering Department (CED)
  • rejuvenated concrete surface of marine facilities such as seawall
Drainage Services Department (DSD)
  • cleared drain blockage
  • cleansed drains leading to beaches
  • desilted watercourses and nullahs
Environmental Protection Department (EPD)
  • stepped up control and enforcement against fly-tipping
  • implemented livestock waste control scheme, waste reduction and resources conservation measures
  • controlled pollution emissions
  • enhanced environmental education
Home Affairs Department (HAD)
  • coordinated the efforts of various departments in environmental improvement activities at the district level
  • upkept the cleanliness of District Council facilities such as notice boards and welcome signs
Housing Department (HD)
  • launched campaigns on clean public housing estates, anti-rodent and anti-mosquito issues
  • promoted residents' awareness in maintaining estates and public areas clean
  • carried out year-end cleansing operations
  • improved toilet services at public housing estates and shopping centres
Highways Department (HyD)
  • cleansed the expressways, gantry signs, noise barriers/enclosures, footbridges and subways
  • beautified and refurbished highway structures
  • conducted a consultancy to improve streetscape
  • improved cleanliness of roadside worksites
Lands Department (LandsD)
  • co-ordinated various departments in tackling large-scale fly-tipping blackspots in the New Territories
  • provided grass-cutting and tree-trimming services for blackspots on unallocated Government land
  • removed abandoned vehicles
Leisure and Cultural Services Department (LCSD)
  • launched clean beach carnivals
  • improved cleansing and toilet services at leisure and recreation venues
  • provided horticultural maintenance and grass-cutting at its venues and along public roads
Marine Department (MD)
  • launched clean harbour campaigns
  • enhanced cleansing services in typhoon shelters, public cargo working areas and Hong Kong waters
  • cleaned up foreshores at non-routinely covered areas
  • educated the public on keeping the harbour clean
Transport Department (TD)
  • improved the management and cleanliness of public transport interchanges
  • assisted in disseminating CHK messages to road users